The World Health Organization (WHO) recently issued a statement classifying aspartame, a non-sugar, low-calorie sweetener commonly used in various food and beverage products, as “possibly carcinogenic to humans.” The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a cancer-focused organization within WHO, made this classification based on limited evidence suggesting that aspartame may cause cancer, particularly liver cancer. However, the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), another group within WHO, contradicted the IARC’s classification, stating that the evidence linking aspartame consumption to cancer in humans is not convincing. JECFA maintained that the acceptable daily intake (ADI) of aspartame remains 40 milligrams per kilogram of body weight. The FDA also disagrees with the IARC’s classification and asserts that aspartame is safe when used under approved conditions. Other agencies, including the European Food Safety Authority and Health Canada, have also deemed aspartame safe for consumption.

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